COPYRIGHT, PLEASE NOTE

All the material on this website is copyrighted to J-P Metsavainio, if not otherwise stated. Any content on this website may not be reproduced without the author’s permission.

Have a visit in my portfolio

Friday, February 21, 2020

Simeis 147 (Sh2-240), a large supernova remnant in Taurus

Simeis 147 is a difficult target due to a low surface brightness and a very large angular diameter.
I collected the data for this image between 27.12.2019 and 19.02.2020.

Simeis 147 (Sharpless 240)
Click for a large image

Note, the relative size of a full Moon is marked as a white circle at bottom left, this is a large object!
Image is in mapped colors, from the emission of ionized elements, R=Sulphur, G=Hydrogen and B=Oxygen. 

INFO


Simeis 147 (sharpless 240), is a very faint and large supernova remnant in constellation Taurus at distance of ~3000 light years. It's constantly expanding at speed of 1000 km/second but due the size of it, we can't see any movement in it. This SN spans over 160 light years and the apparent scale in the sky is about three degrees (Moon has an apparent size of 30" = 0,5 degrees).  Explosion took place approximately 30.000 years ago  and left behind a  pulsar (Neutron star). The pulsar has recently identified.

How long it'll takes to this supernova remnant to expand 1% large when the diameter is 160 light years and it expands at speed of 1000km/second.
Answer is ~480 years.
 (1% of diameter 160/100= 16, as kilometers ~151.372.800.000.00, = Y, km,
1000km/second is ~315.360.000.00, = Z, kilometers/year.
So, X x Z = Y and  X=Z/Y,    X = 480 with given values)


Technical details

Processing workflow
Image acquisition, MaxiDL v5.07.
Stacked and calibrated in CCDStack2.
Deconvolution with a CCDStack2 Positive Constraint, 33 iterations, added at 50% weight
Color combine in PS CS3
Levels and curves in PS CS3.

Imaging optics

Mount
10-micron 1000

Cameras and filters
Imaging camera Apogee Alta U16 and Apogee seven slot filter wheel
Guider camera, Lodestar x 2 and an old spotting scope of Meade LX200
Astrodon filters,
5nm H-alpha 3nm S-II and 3nm O-III

Total exposure time
H-alpha, 15 x 1200 s, binned 1x1 = 5 h
O-III, 24x 600 s, binned 2x2 = 4 h
S-II, 1 x 12 x 600 s. binned 2x2 = 2 h




Sunday, February 16, 2020

Panorama mosaic, Cederblad 214, Sharpless 170 and supernova remnant CTB1

I published the Cosmic Question Mark, Cederblad 214 and Sharpless 170 at February 9,
his morning I published the photo of supernova remnant CTB1 (Abell 85). Photos are overlapping, so I was able to build a mosaic image out of them. image spans about ten degrees of sky vertically, that's as large as twenty full Moons side by side.! (The CTB1 at lower center has a same angular diameter as our Moon.)  Photo is taken with the Tokina AT-x 300mm f2.8 camera lens, Apogee Alta U16 astro camera and Astrodon narrowband filters. Info about my current setup here, https://astroanarchy.blogspot.com/2020/01/the-frankenstein-monster-my-current.html


A two frame mosaic panorama from constellation Cassiopeia
Click for a large image, it's worth it!

mage is in mapped colours, from the emission of ionized elements, R=Sulphur, G=Hydrogen and B=Oxygen.

Upper part of the mosaic image
Click for a large image


Image details here, https://astroanarchy.blogspot.com/2020/02/new-photo-of-cederblad-214-cosmic.html
Lower part of the mosaic image
Click for a large image


Image details here, https://astroanarchy.blogspot.com/2020/02/ctb1-supernova-remnant-in-cassiopeia.html



Technical details
Click for a large image

Processing workflow
Image acquisition, MaxiDL v5.07.
Stacked and calibrated in CCDStack2.
Deconvolution with a CCDStack2 Positive Constraint, 33 iterations, added at 50% weight
Color combine in PS CS3
Levels and curves in PS CS3.

Imaging optics
Tokina AT-x f2.8 camera lens

Mount
10-micron 1000

Cameras and filters
Imaging camera Apogee Alta U16 and Apogee seven slot filter wheel
Guider camera, Lodestar x 2 and an old spotting scope of Meade LX200
Astrodon filters,
5nm H-alpha 3nm S-II and 3nm O-III

Total exposure time for both panels
H-alpha, 21 x 1200 s, binned 1x1 = 7 h
O-III, 2x 1200 s, binned 2x2 = 40 min.
S-II, 2 x 1200 s. binned 2x2 = 40 min.

An older longer focal length image of CTB1 from 2016
Please, click for a large image



CTB1, a supernova remnant in Cassiopeia

This has been a very cloudy imaging season up here 65N. Last Friday we had about five hours for clear weather before the clouds rolled in. I managed to get just enough exposures for this dim supernova remnant in Cassiopeia. I have shot this target before with much longer focal length instrument. It's nice to see CTB1 in large context when imaging with Tokina AT-x 300mm f2.8 camera lens. 


CTB1 (Abell 85)
Please, click for a large image, it's worth it.

Image is in mapped colours, from the emission of ionized elements, R=Sulphur, G=Hydrogen and B=Oxygen. 


A closer look
Please, click for a large image




An older longer focal length image back from 2016
Please, click for a large image

More info about this photo here, https://astroanarchy.blogspot.com/2016/01/abell-85-ctb1-dim-galactic-supernova.html




INFO

Abell 85 is a very faint supernova remnant in constellation Cassiopeia. It's difficult to image with any details due to extremely low surface brightness. Abell 85 has a largish diameter, about half a degree, it has a same apparent diameter as a full Moon. The physical diameter is about 98 light years across. This SNR locates about 9800 light years from the Earth. CTB1 was originally thought to be a planetary nebula and it was included the Abell catalog of planetary nebulae under a name Abell 85. It was confirmed to be a supernova remnant by Willis & Dickel at 1971.



Technical details

Processing workflow
Image acquisition, MaxiDL v5.07.
Stacked and calibrated in CCDStack2.
Deconvolution with a CCDStack2 Positive Constraint, 33 iterations, added at 50% weight
Color combine in PS CS3
Levels and curves in PS CS3.

Imaging optics
Tokina AT-x f2.8 camera lens

Mount
10-micron 1000

Cameras and filters
Imaging camera Apogee Alta U16 and Apogee seven slot filter wheel
Guider camera, Lodestar x 2 and an old spotting scope of Meade LX200
Astrodon filters,
5nm H-alpha 3nm S-II and 3nm O-III

Total exposure time
H-alpha, 9 x 1200 s, binned 1x1 = 3 h
O-III, 1x 1200 s, binned 2x2 = 20 min.
S-II, 1 x 1200 s. binned 2x2 = 20 min.


A single calibrated and stretched 20 min. H-alpha frame as it comes from the camera (Downscaled)



Friday, February 14, 2020